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Інші новини

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Last year has become a real teacher for us and helped us to learn some important lessons, said Natalia KALKA, Senior Lecturer at LvSUIA Department of Psychology.

“2020 is awarded by a lot of most unexpected epithets – from “non-standard”, “interesting”, “unpredictable” to “apocalyptic”, “terrible” and even “crazy”, - says the psychologist. Last year “took care” of zeroing in many areas and forced to find a phoenix in ourselves. And also helped to gain a lot of awareness, knowledge and skills. So, it is worth summing up the results of the past year, remembering what wishes you had, what you dreamed of and comparing them with current expectations. Psychologist advises to try to answer several questions honestly:

• What was the main event of the last year?

• What was the most difficult?

• Did I start something in 2020 and finish it?

• Who did I help?

• What did I learn about myself?

• Who am I grateful for and for what?

• Why was this year wonderful?

According to the psychologist, last year helped us learn some important lessons.

Lesson 1. Life is too unpredictable. All goals, expectations and plans must be flexible, but at the same time specific. Previous year has shown that our dreams can be ruined like a “house of cards”.

Lesson 2. Fear can be a strong enemy, a weapon, as well as our protective reaction. During the pandemic, it became clearly visible due to the threat to life and health. Therefore, learning to master fear is the same as putting a predator in a cage and starting to feel pleasure, lightness and harmony in life.

Lesson 3. Control your thoughts and emotions so that they do not control you. Formula of emotional intelligence “understand and manage” provides filtering of negative emotions, their acceptance and effective utilization of them during the pandemic.

Lesson 4. To escape – is to run on the spot. Problems or difficulties need to be solved, not ignored. Therefore, everyone must learn the rule “you need to move to something, not from something.” Positive attitudes and conscious activities will help to replace negative experiences and solve problems.

Lesson 5. Love-appreciate-respect. Self-worth and presence of loved ones gives a sense of security and confidence. Therefore, take care of your close environment, give them time to receive such important and valuable support, understanding and love.

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Psychologists advise that you should “make friends” with your mnemonic abilities (from Greek mnemo - memory) and use this personal potential wisely in order to better pass exams and make the most constructive use of the time left for preparation. It needs not only willpower or even knowledge of mnemonic rules to memorize all the information you need, but it’s also important to understand the mechanisms by which memory works.

Memory was studied by the psychologist G. Ebbinghaus at the end of XIX century. He built a forgetting curve that shows how long information is stored in our memory. And also derived some principles and rules to optimize this process.

1. Information must be perceived consciously, then it is more slowly forgotten. Attitude toward it should be emotionally positive.

2. To preserve information for a longer period (for example study of historical dates, names, events, foreign words, mathematical formulas, etc.) you need to use 4R principle (four repetitions): 1. at the time of reading; 2. in an hour; 3. the next morning; 4. in a week.

3. The more carefully you work on the details, the better you will remember. If the amount of information is large, it should be repeated with varying degrees of detail. First time - in full, second time - key points, third time - entire amount of information in a group or otherwise.

4. End effect. The first and last information are best remembered. Therefore, change the sequence of information when memorizing.

5. Interference. Such memories are mixed in the memory, they affect each other, as if displacing the details of individual events. Therefore, when preparing for the exam, try to memorize the material in such way that the most dissimilar questions are successively changed.

6. To better remember connect the association. For example, draw in your imagination some historical event that you are currently working on, imagine main characters, what they are wearing, what tone of voice they have, temperament. And the numbers on the date of this historic event “tie” to the number of arms, legs, buttons on clothes or horses in a team. (Image memory is a person's basic memory, verbal-logical develops much later, and therefore is weaker).

Good luck to you, dear entrants, in studying the material and at exams!

Zoryana KOVALCHUK

Deputy Dean of Faculty of Psychology

Lviv State University of Internal Affairs

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Three cadets of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs received presents from the Center Women's Perspectives for active participation in Interuniversity Scientific & Practical Seminar Modern slavery: what myths threat, what facts warn about. Event was held as part of 16 Days Against Gender-Based Violence campaign.

LvSUIA Rector Roman BLAHUTA congratulated cadets and wished them professional growth and new achievements.

In addition, Head of Department for Actualization of Education and Practical Training Oleksandra ZAKHAROVA received a letter of thanks from Center Women's Perspectives for her active professional and civic position in the field of combating human trafficking.

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Anti-trafficking training quest for cadets of Faculties №1 and №2 took place in Lviv State University of Internal Affairs. Participants carried out investigative (search) actions, after which they drew up relevant documents. Event was organized by the Head of Department of Actualization of Education and Practical Training Oleksandra ZAKHAROVA and Associate Professor of Department of Criminal Procedure and Criminology of Faculty №1 Ruslan SHEKHAVTSOV.

According to the plot, cadets were investigating a crime related to human organ trafficking.

So cadets modeled investigative (search) actions, demonstrated their skills during the presentation for identification and interrogation, as well as knowledge of the relevant norms and laws of Ukraine. In addition, participants wrote out tasks to the operational service to conduct an operational installation in relation to the defendant, drew up a report on the results of visual observation, carried out signal photography of detainees and fingerprinting.

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Cadets provided public order and security in Lviv city as part of joint patrols. During two days - December 25 and 26 - total of 60 cadets of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs were involved in the patrol.

LvSUIA cadets closely followed an order in the central part of the city to be sure that no unpleasant incident overshadowed the festive mood of Lviv residents.

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On the eve of St. Nicholas Day, Rector of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs Roman BLAHUTA met with the students of the university who need parental support and care. Head of the university congratulated boys and girls on the upcoming New Year and Christmas holidays, and also handed over gifts from Nicholas.

Roman BLAHUTA wished the youth not to lose faith in miracles, to be healthy and happy, to successfully complete their studies and to realize themselves in their future profession. “Always remember that doing good things is the most precious gift”.

Financial assistance for those students who most need support and care has been traditionally provided by LvSUIA Union. This year such help was received by 25 cadets and students.

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Practical lesson for cadets of Faculty №1 took place at Lviv Scientific and Research Forensic Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. During the lesson cadets got acquainted with the work of forensic experts.

Employees of the institution focused most on forensic research: Weapons Research Sector forensic experts conducted a master class using modern equipment and showed how to search for identification marks on bullets and shell casings; in addition, they explained how to operate such information and how to determine from which weapon the shot was fired.

LvSUIA cadets were especially interested in the sectors of handwriting research, technical research of documents and accounting. They were told about how fraudsters counterfeit banknotes. Cadets actively asked questions and received qualified answers.

Practical lesson for cadets of Faculty №1 took place at Lviv Scientific and Research Forensic Center of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. During the lesson cadets got acquainted with the work of forensic experts.

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Law faculty student Svitlana TSYONA attended Secondary School №1 in Varyazh village in Lviv Region. She conducted a lesson for 3rd grade pupils on combating violence.

Pupils watched instructive videos and a cartoon called Believe in love, believe in Christmas, thanks to which they realized that it is possible to make friends with anyone, regardless of their religious preferences, nationality, etc.

In addition, together with the student, pupils made thematic puzzles and applications, as well as created a mini-project: Children against violence”.

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Representatives of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs took part in webinar “Advantages and risks of police work in prevention the use and distribution of drugs.”

 

Event was organized by European Union Advisory Mission together with European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Online event was held for students of Faculties №1, №2 and №3, scientific & pedagogical staff, bringing together about a hundred participants from different parts of Ukraine.

 

 

Webinar participants were told about various approaches in police work in prevention the spread of drugs. In particular, Gregor BURKHART, speaker from European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction, was invited to make a speech. “Even in the EU, things are not as good as they seem to be. Our government is investing in approaches that only inform about the harms of drugs, and this is not enough, so for us the problem of combating drugs remains relevant“ said BURKHART.

 

From LvSUIA event was attended by Oleksandra ZAKHAROVA, Head of Department of Actualization of Education and Practical Training, Iryna HAZDAIKA-VASYLYSHYN, Head of Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Danylo YOSYFOVYCH, Head of Department of Administrative Law and Administrative Procedure, Yaroslav KOHUT, Head of Department of Social Disciplines of Faculty №3 and Ruslan SHEKHAVTSOV, Associate Professor of Criminal Procedure and Criminology.

 

 

 

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Professor of Department of Economic and Legal Disciplines of Faculty of Law of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs Lubomyr MELEKH together with a graduate of the same faculty Halyna HUTSUL held a conversation for students to ensure equal rights for men and women. The class was held online. Event was part of “16 Days Against Violence” campaign.

Students were told how our country is moving towards gender equality. In particular, Professor of the Department noted that Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of IX convocation includes the largest number of women since independence.

“Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved in 2019 Concept of the State Social Policy for Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Men and Women until 2021,” said Lubomyr MELEKH.

Halyna HUTSUL stressed that conflicts over legal inequality between men and women occur very often. And this problem applies to either sex.

She added that it is very difficult to get rid of gender stereotypes, because they are a long-standing and deep phenomenon that is very difficult to break only through legislative changes.